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Why Do Babies Spit Up?

If you are a new parent, everything related to your baby will concern you a lot. The nutrition, growth and schedule of your baby, become your priority. One such matter of concern is spitting. Generally, babies spit up now and then. Some spit fewer times and some do it frequently. So you might be wondering, “Why do babies spit up?” Fortunately, you do not need to search a lot for the reasons and remedies, as we have compiled them in this article to make things simpler for you. Read further to understand about spitting up in detail.

why do babies spit upIs Baby Spitting Up A Problem?

Spitting up is also referred as uncomplicated or psychological reflux, which is common in babies. It is a normal condition most of the times, but not always. The most common reason for babies spitting up is that their digestive systems are still not mature. So the contents of the stomach can easily flow back towards the esophagus.

Often, babies who get milk in more quantity too much fast, also spit up. Very aggressive or quick feeding by the baby, or mother’s breast that are full of milk lead to such a condition. The amount of baby spit up appears more than what it actually is. If your baby gets distracted easily while feeding or get fussy at the sight of the breast, there is a possibility that he may intake more air and spit up, frequently. Other reasons for spitting up are teething, starting with solid foods or starting of crawling.

Some Facts About Babies Spitting up:

  • Generally, spitting up occurs right after the baby is fed, but it may occur even 1 or 2 hours after that.
  • Half of the babies who are in the age group of 0-3 months spit up at least one time in a day.
  • The peak time of spitting up is usually 2-4 months.
  • Most of the babies overcome the spitting phase when they are 7-8 months old.
  • Most of the babies stop spitting by the age of 12 months.

You can identify that your baby is a ‘happy spitter’ if he gains weight, spits up without any discomfort and is content at most of the times, then it is not a medical issue. You do not need to panic.

Some Common Causes Of Excessive Spitting

  • Forceful feeding or over supply of breast milk can cause symptoms like reflux and can be cured by simple home remedies.
  • Excessive spitting can also occur due to food sensitivities. The main culprit behind it is cow’s milk and its products. Some formulas, solid foods, iron, vitamins, fluorides, herbal items, medications etc. can also cause excessive spitting.
  • A baby who has Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease spits up more than other babies.
  • In a rare case, a newborn baby may have pyloric stenosis, which is a stomach problem that has to be cured by surgery. A baby having such a problem may spit up more often.

How To Reduce Spitting Up In Babies?

  • Handle him in a gentle way when you are breastfeeding and burp him every now and then.
  • Try breastfeeding him in a calm surrounding with there are no distractions. It will help to minimize the chances of swallowing air by your baby.
  • Hold him in a straight and upright position while feeding and after feeding.
  • Nurse him frequently in small amounts. It is easier to digest for the baby.
  • Keep the cleaning supplies and clean clothes for changing handy.
  • If your milk has an excess of supply, your baby will choke and gag when he is fed. So he will spit up. Offering one breast per feeding will help to overcome the problem.
  • Do not put your baby to sleep on his tummy to prevent spitting up. It can lead to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Put him to sleep on his back.
  • Consult your doctor if you are breastfeeding. The doctor may suggest you to eliminate some food items like dairy products, which may be the cause of your baby spitting up frequently.
  • Also, ensure that the hole of his feeding bottle isn’t too small. If it is so, your baby will get frustrated and swallow more air. Thus, will spit up. The hole should not be even too large, or else the baby will choke or gag.
  • Do not pressurize your baby’s tummy by making him wear tight clothes or tying the diaper too tightly.
  • Do not travel immediately after feeding your baby, as the reclining will pressurize the tummy of your baby, leading him to spitting up more.
  • Also, you should try not to jostle him after you feed him. So that he can digest with ease.
  • There is a possibility that the formula of your baby might not be suitable to him. Try switching different formulas to identify which one works well for him.
  • You should not add cereals to the formula of your baby without consulting your doctor about it.
  • Do not indulge your baby into playing after feeding him.
  • Smoking is a strict ‘No’ while you are feeding your baby.
  • If you think that your baby has some food allergy, then consult your doctor to suggest you some hypoallergenic formula for your baby.

When Does A Baby Outgrow This Phase?

As the baby grows, the muscles of his belly develop and become stronger. So the baby becomes capable of keeping the food inside the belly. In most of the babies, the problem of spitting up gets solved by the age of 6 to 7 months of age. Well, this can’t be said for all babies, as some of them may continue spitting even till the age of 1 year.

When To Consult A Doctor?

  • If the baby is not gaining weight.
  • Shows projectile vomiting
  • Blood in spitting
  • Green color bile is visible in the vomit

We hope this article was useful to you in understanding “Why do babies spit up?”